Knowing they had arrived at the exact latitude of the island chain, they sailed due west on the trade winds to landfall.  The Hawaiian name for Arcturus as a single star was likely Hoku-leʻa, which means "star of gladness", or "clear star".  Because of its proximity, Arcturus has a high proper motion, two arcseconds a year, greater than any first magnitude star other than α Centauri. Ursa Major is the third largest constellation that occupies almost 3.1% of the total sky. , Astronomers term "metals" those elements with higher atomic numbers than helium. In Indonesia, Arcturus is called Bintang Biduk, which means “the star of boat.”, The Boötes and Coma Berenices constellations. Arcturus has been seen at or just before sunset with the naked eye. , With an apparent visual magnitude of −0.05, Arcturus is the brightest star in the northern celestial hemisphere and the fourth-brightest star in the night sky, after Sirius (−1.46 apparent magnitude), Canopus (−0.72) and α Centauri (combined magnitude of −0.27). Distance: 36.7 light years (11.24 parsecs) The magnetic activity appears to lie along four latitudes and is rotationally-modulated. Arcturus almost matches our Sun in mass! , The Mi'kmaq of eastern Canada saw Arcturus as Kookoogwéss, the owl. Bob King. The WGSN's first bulletin of July 2016 included a table of the first two batches of names approved by the WGSN; which included Arcturus for this star. ", "Al Achsasi Al Mouakket, on a catalogue of stars in the Calendarium of Mohammad Al Achsasi Al Mouakket", "Century of Progress World's Fair, 1933-1934", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arcturus&oldid=982884346, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 October 2020, at 23:34. The star is also mentioned in many films, including Aliens (1986) and Spaced Invaders (1990), and television shows, including Buck Rogers in the 25th Century (1979-1981) and “The Curse of the Peladon” (1972) serial in Doctor Who. , Hipparcos satellite astrometry also suggested that Arcturus is a binary star, with the companion about twenty times dimmer than the primary and orbiting close enough to be at the very limits of humans' current ability to make it out. , In Arabic, Arcturus is one of two stars called al-simāk "the uplifted ones" (the other is Spica). For those who are in the northern hemisphere, the ‘arc to Arcturus’ is the way to view it in the night sky in the northeast direction! To sail back to Tahiti, the navigators could use Sirius, the bright zenith star of their home island. This means that the star will move out of sight after millions of years for the people of Earth!
This constellation marked the path for Hawaiiloa on his return to Hawaii from the South Pacific Ocean. It moves in an elliptical orbit, unlike the Sun, which moves with the galaxy’s plane. These cookies do not store any personal information. Arcturus’ size relative to the Sun. This exposition was all about technological innovation and organizers thought it to make a big headline by opening the exposition in a novel way! , Arcturus was once again called by its classical name from the Renaissance onwards.. The Big Dipper has one long arc-like handle. Arcturus has a very high proper motion.  However, Arcturus may instead be the Tuamotuan star called Turu. The night he showed me how to find Arcturus, the sky was as clear as I’d seen it there. , In 2016, the International Astronomical Union organized a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN) to catalog and standardize proper names for stars.  Its appearance in the north signified the arrival of the larvae of the wood ant (a food item) in spring. It is said that Arcturus is one of the few stars that have a mention in the Bible.
Arcturus in Boötes constellation.
In the northern hemisphere, Arcturus is visible for at least some part of the night throughout the year. , In 1984, the 90 cm (36-inch) reflecting Yapp telescope at Herstmonceux was tested with an echelle spectrograph from Queen's University Belfast and a CCD camera. It can be located by following the arc of the Big Dipper‘s handle, formed by Alkaid, Mizar and Alioth.
, Arcturus achieved fame when its light was rumored to be the mechanism used to open the 1933 Chicago World's Fair. Population II stars like Arcturus make up only around 4 percent of all stars in the neighbourhood of the solar system. Prehistoric Polynesian navigators knew Arcturus as Hōkūleʻa, the "Star of Joy". He stood a few feet away with his face pointed up at the sky and asked me if I’d heard of it. Arcturus is the brightest class K giant in the sky. It can be located by following the arc of the Big Dipper‘s handle, formed by Alkaid, Mizar and Alioth. It is 1.08±0.06 times as massive as the Sun, but has expanded to 25.4±0.2 times its size and is around 170 times as luminous. , Asteroseismological measurements allow direct calculation of the mass and radius, giving values of 0.8±0.2 M☉ and 27.9±3.4 R☉.
That is why Arcturus and its 52 companion stars have somewhat different motion and trajectory through the Milky Way! Do you have any wild estimate how old Arcturus is! This substellar object would be nearly 12 times the mass of Jupiter and be located roughly at the same orbital distance from Arcturus as the Earth is from the Sun, at 1.1 astronomical units.
At the opening event on May 27, 1933, telescopes focused Arcturus’ light on a few photoelectric cells, and used the current to switch on the floodlights and open the Century of Progress Exhibition. Cornelius Agrippa listed its kabbalistic sign under the alternate name Alchameth. When light falls on the surface of the photocell, it emits electrons generating electricity. It lies less than 20 degrees north of the celestial equator and can be seen from both hemispheres. Image: Roberto Mura. Seen from the Arcturus system, the star would have an apparent magnitude of -2.5. The same imaginary line leads to the bright star Spica in Virgo constellation. Arcturus is also known for its speed of movement, which is as high as 122 kilometers per second.
Arcturus – Alpha Boötis
Arcturus was the first star other than the Sun to be observed in the daytime with a telescope.
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