orangutans facts

But an orangutan approaches the challenge quite differently. Wild females generally first give birth when they are 15 or 16 years of age, but females as young as 7 have given birth in captivity. pygmaeus. Updates? The name orangutan means "man of the forest" in the Malay language. According to IUCN, all three species are critically endangered. Orangutan, (Malaysian: “person of the forest”) (genus Pongo), also spelled orang-utan, any of three species of Asian great apes found in rainforests on the Southeast Asian islands of Sumatra and Borneo.

The infant will cling to its mother’s belly fur as she climbs through the trees until it is a little older, then will ride on her back. Adult females live with their dependent young, but adolescent females are almost gregarious. An orangutan’s arm-span is longer that its height. Because of this dependency, the reproduction cycle of the orangutan is slower than in other primates. Orangutans are a Great Ape along with gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos.. Orangutans are the only great apes species with a native habitat outside of Africa..

Orangutans are one of the closest human relatives in the animal kingdom, and humans and orangutans share 97 percent of the same DNA. Meat usually doesn’t come up on the menu, though.

Male orangutans emit long calls in the direction they plan to roam the next day, allowing other members of the community to plan accordingly.

On average, orangutan females are around 45 inches (114 centimeters) tall, while males are around 54 inches (136 cm) tall. Orangutan males can travel over long distances and they live isolated from other males. : 1133204 These long calls are useful for reaching females since orangutans are territorial. : 802435-6613, UK: Their decline is due to loss of habitat from fires and deforestation. Apes, such as the orangutan, have long arms ideally suited for swinging in trees and vines, whereas monkeys often have tails for grasping branches.

The females usually  reproduce once every six to eight years, and like humans, the orangutan typically has only one offspring. The indigenous Dayak people of Borneo tell an old legend that the orangutan was originally a human who pretended not to be able to speak and climbed up the trees to escape having to work. Quick Orangutan Facts Quick orangutan facts: Do you know where the name “orangutan” comes from? (1.5 to 2 kg). Cumbersome and graceless on the ground, aerial artists in the trees Amagertorv 13, 3rd floor

For example, "if a chimpanzee is given an oddly shaped peg and several different holes to try to put it in, the chimpanzee immediately tries shoving the peg in various holes until it finds the correct hole. Even more critical is the pressure on the orangutans in Sumatra, where populations of less than 14,000 (Pongo abelii) and 800 (Pongo tapanuliensis) orangutans also face the overwhelming risk of extinction. President, Orangutan Foundation International, Los Angeles, California, U.S. She typically only gives birth to one baby at a time. According to the IUCN, Bornean orangutans are endangered, and Sumatran orangutans are critically endangered. Organisation No. The latest estimates from the IUCN indicate a general annual loss of 3,000-5,000 orangutans. Almost every night orangutans construct a sleeping platform in the trees by bending and … Orangutans are omnivores, which means they eat vegetation and meat. (37 kilograms) and males average around 191 lbs. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The World Wildlife Federation estimates there are 45,000 to 69,000 Bornean orangutans left in the wild, and only about 7,500 Sumatran orangutans. They stick together for the baby’s first six or seven years of life. Orangutans are the largest arboreal animals, spending more than 90 percent of their waking hours in the trees. International Union for Conservation of Nature, Photos: Adorable Orangutan Shows Off Knot-Tying Skills, according to Integrated Taxonomic Information System, These could be the funniest animal pictures ever, 10,000-year-old footprints show journey of squirmy toddler and caregiver, Weird venomous caterpillars that look like walking toupées are invading Virginia, Elon Musk says SpaceX's 1st Starship trip to Mars could fly in 4 years, Meet the zeptosecond, the shortest unit of time ever measured, Physicists keep trying to break the rules of gravity but this supermassive black hole just said 'no'. Orangutans have been known to watch humans use boats to cross rivers and then copy their movements to untie the boat and ride it across on their own, according to the San Diego Zoo.

If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. While they do hang out with other orangutans, they like to live alone for the most part. Orangutans have the longest birth interval of any land mammal in the world. Subadult males lack the wide cheek pads and large throat pouch, and they generally do not long call. New York, Most mating takes place in the context of consortships that last 3 to 10 days and are correlated with ovulation. They are the only great apes found in Asia. Charity No. Older males develop wide cheek pads, a unique feature among primates.

Learn more about Mailchimp's privacy practices here. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, We use Mailchimp as our newsletter platform. Gestation is about eight months. They spend 90 percent of their time in the dense trees there, according to National Geographic.

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They cling to their mothers and are transported on her back for the first years of their lives.

Orangutans can live 30 to 40 years in the wild and up to 70 years in captivity. Almost every night orangutans construct a sleeping platform in the trees by bending and breaking branches, leaves, and twigs.

Orangutans are predominantly ripe-fruit eaters, although they consume more than 400 different types of food, including invertebrates and, on rare and opportunistic occasions, meat.

In addition to feeding and resting, orangutans also spend short periods of time traveling through the forest canopy, where they typically scramble by using all four hands and feet. Visit our corporate site.

An orangutan swings toward a tree in Sumatra, Indonesia.

Orangutan facts 'Human of the forest' The orangutan belongs to the group of primates known as great apes.

Although smaller than adult males, subadults are still as large as or larger than adult females. Arenavägen 41 The adult male is typically twice the size of the female and may attain a height of 1.3 metres (4.3 feet) and a weight of 130 kg (285 pounds) in the wild; females weigh 37 kg (82 pounds) or less. Over 60 percent of the orangutan’s natural habitats in Indonesia and Malaysia have been destroyed over the last four decades. The females live alone or in small groups of closely related individuals, and they often remain in the same forest area in which they were born. The feet resemble the hands in having opposable big toes that are similar to the thumbs.

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